Friday, May 25, 2018

ইংলন্ডে দ্বিতীয় ক্যালিকো (নিষিদ্ধকরণ) আইনের পটভূমিকা

ইংলন্ডে দ্বিতীয় ক্যালিকো (নিষিদ্ধকরণ) আইনের পটভূমিকা তৈরিই হল বাংলা আর ভারতের গাঁইয়া তাঁতিরা ইওরোপের ফ্যাশানের ওপর কয়েকশ বছর ধরে বিপুল প্রভাব ফেলায়। তার এক টুকরো উদাহরণ -
John Blanch, an old hand from the 1690s debate(প্রথম অকার্যকর ক্যালিকো আইন), switched in 1718 from blaming Indians for seducing British women to indicting British women from "the City" for determining "Fashions in the Consumption of India Silks and Calicoes:' The London Weavers' Company also targeted British women, offering cash rewards to people reporting Indian calico furniture and women in calico dresses to Henry Soames, a ribbon weaver. Given such instructions, it is not surprising that more and more people soon began seizing goods and assaulting fashionable women. In June 1719, the weavers doused women's calico gowns with aqua fortis, tore their clothing asunder, and threatened to pull down a house in which several victims had taken cover. The weavers also marched on the increasingly successful calico printing workshops in Lewisham. Witnesses saw Thomas Hardy "with a Piece of Callicoe in his Hand flourishing it over his Head, crying, down with the Callicoes."
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