Monday, September 16, 2013

রস-রত্ন-সমুচ্চয় বা ত্রয়োদশ শতকে ভারতের প্রাচীন উচ্চমার্গের ধাতু প্রযুক্তির বর্ননা৯, Rasa-Ratna-Samuccaya and mineral processing state-of-the art in 13th century a.d. india9

তালিকা ২
গরুড় পুরাণ এবং রস-রত্ন-সমুচ্চয়তে বর্নিত খনিজ/ধাতুজ রত্ন(জেম মিনেরাল)
মিনারেল                       রাসায়নিক বর্ননা                                ভারতীয় নাম
Agate                          Hyderabad SiO2                               Akik
Alabastar                     Transparent CaSO4                           Rukham
Amethyst                     Sio4(Contained Mg)                         Jamira
Aquamarine                 Be-Al-Silicate                                  Paribhadra
Beryl                           Do                                                 Panna, Marakata,
                                                                                      Garitmata, Gorudodgara
                                                                                      Harinmani
Carbuncle                    see Garnet                                      Viduraka
Carnelian                     see Agate                                        do
Cat’s eye                     see Chrysoberyl                               do
Chalcedony                  see Agate                                        do
Chlorite                       Steatite or Mg-Silicate                      do
Chrysoberyl                 Be-Al-Silicate                                  Vaidurya, Lasunia
Coral                          Marine Product                               Provala, Vudruma
Corundum                                                                        Al2O3  Kuruvinda(Sankrit, Tamil & Telugu : origin of the latin word)
Diamond                     C                                                   Vajra, Vhidura
Emerald                      see Beryl                                       
Emery                         Corundum(Contg. Fe)                      Tarkhsya
Feldspr                        (NaK).AlSi3O3                                  Chandrakanta or Moonstone
Garnet                        M32 + M32 + .(SiO4)3                        Tamdi or Tamrya not Gomed
Hessionite                   see Zarcon                                     
Jade                            Jadeite, NaAl-Silicate                        Pilu, Yasam
                                  Nephrite, CaMgFe-Silicate                 Jaharmuhra
Lapis Lazuli or Lazuraite 3NaAlSiO4,Na2S                               Rajavarta, not Amethyst
Marble                        CaCO3(Metamorphic)                       Marmara
Olivine                        (MgFe2)2SiO4                                   Puttika, Jabarjad
Onyx                           see Agate                                        Sulemani
Pearl                           Marine Product                               Mukta
Peridot                        see Olivine                                      Sphatika, Billaur
Ruby                           Al2O3 with Cr2O3                              Padmaraga(red), Manikya, Cuni, Karundaka(if crimson yellow)
Sapphire                     Al2O3 with oxides of Ti, Fe & Co         Nila, Nilkanta
                                                                                      Indranila(blue)
Spinel                         Al2O3 with MgO                               Saugandhika(red)
Stibnite                       Sb2S3                                             Rasanjana, Surma
Topaz                         Al Flourosilicate                               Prshparaga(yellow) or Pokhraja, Quartz containing Fe is false Topaz
Tourmaline                  BAi Silicate with Mg, Fe, Na, etc         Vaikanta
Turquoise                    CuAl Phosphate
                                  see Lapis Lazuli
Zircon                         ZrSiO4                                            Gomed


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