Monday, September 16, 2013

রস-রত্ন-সমুচ্চয় বা ত্রয়োদশ শতকে ভারতের প্রাচীন উচ্চমার্গের ধাতু প্রযুক্তির বর্ননা১০, Rasa-Ratna-Samuccaya and mineral processing state-of-the art in 13th century a.d. india10

তালিকা ৩
রস-রত্ন-সমুচ্চয়ে বর্নিত সাধারণ যৌগ, রত্ন ব্যতীত খনিজ, ধাতু, শঙ্কর

নাম                             রাসায়নিক বর্ননা                                ভারতীয় নাম
সাধারণ যৌগ(General Conmpound)
Acid                            Plat product organic acids                 Amla
Alkali                          Plant ash residue, K2O3 etc               Ksara(3 types)
                                  River bed alkaline soil,                      Sarjika ksara
                                  Na2Co3, Na2SO4
Bitumen                                                                           Adrija/Silajatu
Flux                            Like Borux                                      Dravana varga
Metal                          Which can be extracted                    Loha, from the verb Luha
                                  The essence                                    Sattva
Metal(low melting point)Like Pb, Sn                                     Puti(furnace) Loha
Salt                                                                                 Lavana(6 types)

রত্ন ব্যতীত খনিজ(Non-gem Minerals)
Alum                           M2SO4, Al2(SO4)3, 24H2O                Kanksi/Saurastraja, Phatki/Tuvari
Anglesite                     PbSO4                                            Yellow Mrddra Srnga
Galena &                     PbS
Greenockite(?)             CdS
Arsenopyrite with         FeAsS
Lollingite                     FeAs2                                             Kamsya Vimala or Haritala(?)
Bismuth ore(?)                                                                  Capala
Borax                          Na2B2O7, 10H2O                             Saubhagya, Tankana
Calamine                     Zn Silicate
                                  Zn Carbonate
Zinc Blande or              ZnS                                                Rasaka/Kharpara
Sphalerite
Carrollite                     CuS, Co2S2                                     Srotanjana, Nilanjana or Sohta
Cassiterite                   SnO2                                              Vanga(Tin) Ore(Kankustha)
chalcopyrate                CuFeS2                                           Svrnamaksika
Cinnabar                     HgS(black)                                      Kajjali/Tunte
Iron Oxide(hydrated)                                                         Gairika
Iron(ferrous) sulphate  FeSO4, Green Vitriol                         Kassisa or Hara Kassisa
Magnasium sulphate     MgSO4                                           Kamkustham(purgative soil –also Ns2SO4)
Mercuric chloride         HgCl2                                             Rasakarpura
Mercuric sulphide         HgS                                               Rasasindura(red)
                                                                                      Makaradhvaja(medicine)
Mica                                                                                Abhraka
Orpiment                     As2S3                                             Tala/Talaka
Potassium salt              KCL/K2CO3                                      Navasara
Pyrite                          FeS2                                               Maksika/Vimala
Realgar                       AsS                                                Sila/Manahsila
Satpetre                      (NaK)No3                                       Sauvrachala (in Rasarnava)
Stibnite                       Sb2S3                                             Sauviranjana
Sulphur                       S                                                   Gandhaka

ধাতু এবং সংকর(Metal & Alloys)
Brass                          Cu & Zn                                          Pittala/Ritika/Kakatundi
Bronze or Bell-metal     Cu & Sn                                          Kamsya/gHOSA
Copper                                                                            Sulva/Tamra
Copper-Lead Alloy                                                             Sulva Naga
Gold                           Au                                                 Suvarna
Iron
          Wrought                                                                 Munda(3 types)
          Cast                                                                       Tiksna(7 types)
          Magnetic                                                                Kanta(5 types)
Mercury                      Pb                                                 Sisa/Naga
Silver                          Ag                                                 Rajata/Raupya
Tin                             Sn                                                 Vanga/Ranga/Rang

Zinc                            Zn                                                 Yasatva/Yasadayaka, Yasada, Dasta, Kharpara, Rasaka
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