Friday, May 1, 2009

Santal Parab: the Cultural Landscape

All the festivals of the Santals are celebrated with glorious dances and music accompanied with great instruments. The performance of these only gives expression to their inner feelings, their joys and sorrows, their natural affections and passions and their appreciation of beauty in nature and in humanity. Each Parab is being associated with some socially functional value creation which is distributive as well as conservationist in nature and we should not forget the inter-linkages between the traditional value based parabs, and the livelihood issue.
The dances and songs of Santals are classics. The rhymes are Lagne, Tuhur lagne, Dong, Pakdon, Gulyari, Dahar, Baha, Rinja, Dhimsar, Jhika, Humti, Gunjar, Shorai, Dhogen and Dasain. Dahar and lagne are the songs sung with group dancing with the male drummer. Dahar enejs are performed generally during the month of Poush, Magh and Fagun. Lagne enej happen to be in the month of Chait, Baisakh, Asar, San and Bhadrav. Tuhur Lagne from Sohorai to Sakrat. Sohorai during the month of Sohorai (October-November), Dasain during Dasain bonga (Bhadra-Ashin), Dong and Pakdons are performed during the month of Chait, Baisat (Baisakh), Jhent ( Jyesth), Bir Sereng and marriage ‘binti’ can be sung without dancing. Baha dance is danced at Baha Parab occasion, Rinja and Dhimsar dances are danced at Karam Parob. Other songs are sung at the time of paddy plantation or at the time of plucking vegetable leaves and melancholy song at the time of extinction of life of a member in the community.
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